Synonyms:white sindhi, gray sindhi, thari
Origin and distribution: The home tract of this breed is in tharparkar district of south east-sind in Pakistan, amarkot,nakot,dhoronaro, chor in Pakistan and indo pak border covering western rajasthan and upto rann of kutch in gujrat. Animal with typical characteristics of breed Found in jodhpur, barmer jaisalmer,district of rajasthan and kachch region of gujrat.
Location and topography: The tharparkar district of Pakistan lies between 24 13’ and 26 2’ north latitude, and 68 40’ and 71 11’ east longitude. In India, breeding tract lies between 23 15’ and 29 19’ north latitude, between 68 4’ and 74 east longitude. Soil Largely sand-dunes or ridges locally call bhits
Temperature: Tmax is 48o to49o and nights are cool and comfortable.
Avg. Rainfall: 10 to 15 cm.
1)Colour: white or light grey.Face and extremities are darker shed Hair short, fine and straight Forehead broad and flat or slightly convex Nostrils broad and black apart curving gradually upward outward in the same line as that poll, with blunt points inclined inwards moderately thick at the base, i.e 12.5-17.5 cm in circumference just the skin. In males, the horns are thicker, shorter and straighter than females. Horns much thicker at the base or unduly long are not preferred - Dewlap is loose and flexible but not voluminous. Skin is fine and mellow Hump is moderately well developed in males, firm and placed in front of the withers. In females, there is a well defined flap of skin at the navel corresponding to the sheath in males, but not coarse or long. Tail is thin, supple and loosely so that the end of the switch is 5 to 15 cm off ground. Switch is black. Udder large and well developed in front and rear, and is carried well up at the back. Floor of udder is nearly level and not deeply cut between quarters. Skin of the udder is fine and mellow with a yellow tinge and prominent veins. Teats are 7.5 to 10 cm long, ut in thickness and set at even distances.
Morphometric and Performance Parameters:
1)Average body length, height and heart girth: Males: 142, 133 and 184 cm Females: 132, 130 and 173 cm.
2)Average birth weight: male calves: 23.1 kg (range 21 to 25 kg) female calves: 22.4 kg (range 21 to 25 kg). Body weight adult male is around 450 to 500 kg female about 295 kg. tharparkar cows calve for the first time at an average about 1,247(range 1,116 to 1,596 days). Average milk yield is 1,749 k 913 to 2,147 kg), lactation length 286 days ( range 240 to 377 days), dry per days (range 115 to 191 days), service period 128 days (range 108 to 191 da calving interval 431 days (range 408 to 572 days). Fat is about 4.88% (range 4.90%) and SNF 9.2% (range 8.9 to 9.7%).
Haematological parameters :On an average RBC count in Tharparkar during winter was 9.6 (106/µl), haemoglobin 12.17(gm/dl) and WBC are 15.07(103/µl). A decline occurs in haemoglobin, WBC and RBC during summer.
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